1The words of the Preacher, the son of David, king of Israel in Jerusalem.
2Vanity of vanities, said the Preacher, vanity of vanities; all is vanity.
3What advantage is there to a man in all his labour that he takes under the sun?
4A generation goes, and a generation comes: but the earth stands for ever.
5And the sun arises, and the sun goes down and draws toward its place;
6arising there it proceeds southward, and goes round toward the north. The wind goes round and round, and the wind returns to its circuits.
7All the rivers run into the sea; and yet the sea is not filled: to the place whence the rivers come, thither they return again.
8All things are full of labour; a man will not be able to speak of them: neither shall the eye be satisfied with seeing, neither shall the ear be filled with hearing.
9What is that which has been? the very thing which shall be: and what is that which has been done? the very thing which shall be done: and there is no new thing under the sun.
10Who is he that shall speak and say, Behold, this is new? it has already been in the ages that have passed before us.
11There is no memorial to the first things; neither to the things that have been last shall their memorial be with them that shall be at the last time.
12I the Preacher was king over Israel in Jerusalem.
13And I applied my heart to seek out and examine by wisdom concerning all things that are done under heaven, for God has given to the sons of men an evil trouble to be troubled therewith.
14I beheld all the works that were wrought under the sun; and, behold, all were vanity and waywardness of spirit.
15That which is crooked cannot be made straight: and deficiency cannot be numbered.
16I spoke in my heart, saying, Behold, I am increased, and have acquired wisdom beyond all who were before me in Jerusalem: also I applied my heart to know wisdom and knowledge.
17And my heart knew much—wisdom, and knowledge, parables and understanding: I perceived that this also is waywardness of spirit.
18For in the abundance of wisdom is abundance of knowledge; and he that increases knowledge will increase sorrow.