1The Philistines gathered their army to fight the Israeli army. They gathered together near Socoh, in the area where the descendants of Judah lived. They set up their tents at Ephes-Dammim, which is between Socoh and Azekah.
2Saul gathered the Israeli army near Elah Valley, and they set up their tents. Then they all took their places, ready to fight the Philistines.
3So the Philistine and Israeli armies faced each other. They were on two hills, with a valley between them.
4Then Goliath, from Gath city, came out from the Philistine camp. He was a champion warrior/soldier. He was ◄over 9 feet/3 meters► tall.
5He wore a helmet made of bronze to protect his head, and he wore a coat made of metal plates to protect his body. The coat weighed ◄125 pounds/56 kg.►.
6He wore bronze guards/protectors on his legs. He had a long bronze dagger fastened on his back.
7He also had a big spear. It had a cord on it to enable him to throw it better (OR, which was as thick as a weaver's beam). The tip of the spear was made of iron and weighed ◄15 pounds/almost 7 kg.►. A soldier carrying a huge shield walked in front of him.
8Goliath stood there and shouted to the Israeli army, “Why are you all lined up for battle? I am the great Philistine soldier, and I think RHQ you are merely Saul's slaves. Choose one man to fight for all of you, and send him down here to me!
9If he fights with me and kills me, then my fellow Philistines will all be your slaves. But if I defeat him and kill him, then you Israelis will all be our slaves.
10I defy/challenge you men of the Israeli army. Send me a man who will fight with me!”
11When Saul and all the Israeli soldiers heard that, they were extremely terrified DOU.
12David was the son of Jesse. Jesse was from the clan of Ephrath. He lived in Bethlehem, in the area where the descendants of Judah lived. Jesse had eight sons. When Saul was king, Jesse had already become a very old man DOU.
13Jesse's three oldest sons, Eliab and Abinadab and Shammah, had gone with Saul to fight the Philistines.
14David was Jesse's youngest son. While his three oldest brothers were with Saul,
15David went back and forth: Sometimes he went to Saul's camp, and sometimes he stayed in Bethlehem to take care of his father's sheep.
16For forty days Goliath came out from the Philistine camp and stood there taunting the Israeli army/telling the Israelis to choose one man to fight with him. He did it twice each day, once in the morning and once in the evening.
17One day, Jesse said to David, “Here is a sack of roasted grain and ten loaves of bread. Take these quickly to your older brothers.
18And here are ten large chunks of cheese. Take them to their commander. And see how things are going with your older brothers. Then if they are okay, bring back something to show they are all right.”
19His brothers were with Saul and all the other Israeli soldiers, camped alongside Elah Valley, preparing to fight the Philistines.
20So David arranged for another shepherd to take care of the sheep. Early the next morning he took the food and went to the Israeli camp, as Jesse told him to do. He arrived there just as the Israeli soldiers were forming their ranks and going out to the battlefield. As they went, they were shouting a war cry.
21The Philistine army and the Israeli army stood on the hillsides, facing each other, ready for the battle.
22David gave the food to the man who was taking care of the war equipment. He told him to take care of the food that he brought, and then he went and greeted his older brothers.
23While he was talking with them, he saw Goliath coming out from among the Philistine soldiers, shouting to the Israelis, challenging them to send a man to fight him. David heard what Goliath was saying.
24When all the Israeli soldiers saw Goliath, they were terrified and started to ran away.
25They were saying to each other, “Look at him coming up toward us! And listen to him as he defies us Israelis! The king says that he will give a big reward to whoever kills this man. He also says that he will give his daughter to that man for him to marry her, and that he will no longer require that man's family to pay taxes.”
26David talked to some of the men who were standing near him. He said, “What will be given to whoever kills this Philistine and frees us Israelis from this shame/disgrace? And who does this heathen Philistine think he is, defying/ridiculing the army that serves the all-powerful God?”
27They told him the same thing that the other men had said, about what the king would do for anyone who killed Goliath.
28But when David's oldest brother Eliab heard David talking to the men, he was angry. He said to David, “Why have you come down here? Is someone taking care of those few sheep that you left in the desert? I know you are just a ◄smart-aleck/brat►! You just want to watch the battle!”
29David replied, “Have I done something wrong? I was merely asking a question!”
30Then he walked over to another man and asked him the same question, but the man gave him the same answer. Each time he asked someone, he received the same answer.
31Finally, someone told king Saul what David had asked, and Saul sent someone to bring David to him.
32David told king Saul, “No one should ◄worry/become a coward► because of that Philistine man. I will go and fight with him!”
33Saul said to David, “You are only a young man, and he has been a very capable soldier all his life. So you are not able to go and fight with him!”
34David replied, “I have been taking care of my father's sheep for many years. Whenever a lion or a bear came and carried away a lamb,
35I went after the lion or the bear and attacked it and rescued the lamb from the wild animal's mouth. Then I grabbed the animal by its jaw/throat and struck it and killed it.
36I have killed both lions and bears. And I will do the same to this heathen Philistine, because he has defied/ridiculed the army of the all-powerful God!
37Yahweh has rescued me from paws of lions and bears, and he will rescue me from this Philistine!” Then Saul said to David, “All right, go and fight him, and I hope/desire that Yahweh will help you!”
38Then Saul gave to David his own clothes that he always wore in battles, and he gave him a bronze helmet and a coat made of metal plates.
39David put these things on. Then he fastened his sword over them, and tried to walk. But he could not walk, because he was not accustomed to wearing those things. So David said to Saul, “I cannot fight wearing all these things, because I am not accustomed to wearing them!” So he took them off.
40Then he took his walking/shepherd's stick, and he picked up five smooth stones from the brook/stream. He put them in the pouch of his shoulder-bag. Then he put his sling in his hand and started walking toward Goliath.
41Goliath walked toward David, with the soldier who was carrying his shield walking in front of him. When he got near David,
42he looked at David closely. He saw that David had a handsome face and healthy body, but that he was only a young man. So he sneered at David.
43He said to David, “Are you coming to me with a stick because you think that I am a dog?” Then he called out to his gods to harm David.
44He said to David, “Come here to me, and I will kill you and give your dead body to the birds and wild animals to eat!”
45David replied, “You are coming to me with a sword and a dagger and a spear. But I am coming to you ◄in the name/with the authority► of almighty Yahweh. He is the God whom the army of Israel worships, and he is the God whom you have defied/ridiculed.
46Today Yahweh will enable me to defeat you. I will strike you down and cut off your head. And we Israelis will kill many Philistine soldiers and give their bodies to the birds and wild animals to eat. And everyone in the world will hear about it and know that we Israeli people worship an all-powerful God.
47And everyone here will know that Yahweh can rescue people without a sword or a spear. Yahweh always wins his battles, and he will enable us to defeat all of you Philistines.”
48As Goliath came closer to attack David, David ran quickly toward him.
49He put his hand into his shoulder-bag and took out one stone. He put it in his sling and hurled it toward Goliath. The stone hit Goliath on the forehead and penetrated his skull, and he fell face down onto the ground.
50Then David ran and stood over Goliath. He pulled Goliath's sword from its sheath and killed him with it, and then cut off his head. In that way David defeated the Philistine without having his own sword. He used only a sling and a stone! When the other Philistines saw that their great warrior was dead, they ran away.
52The Israeli men shouted and ran after them. They pursued them all the way to Gath and to the gates of Ekron city. They struck them as they went, with the result that dead/wounded Philistines were lying on the road all the way from Shaaraim to Gath and Ekron towns.
53When the Israelis returned from chasing the Philistines, they ◄plundered/took everything from► the Philistine camp.
54David later took the head of Goliath to Jerusalem, but he kept Goliath's weapons in his own tent.
55As Saul watched David going toward Goliath, he said to Abner, the commanded of his army, “Abner, whose son is that young man?” Abner replied, “◄As sure as you are alive/Truly► IDM, I do not know.”
56Then the king said, “Find out whose son he is!”
57Later, as David returned from killing Goliath, Abner took him to Saul. David was carrying Goliath's head.
58Saul asked him, “Young man, whose son are you?” David replied, “ Sir, perhaps you have forgotten that I am the son of your servant Jesse, who has served you faithfully, who lives in Bethlehem.”