1For in the twelfth month, on the thirteenth day of the month which is Adar, the letters written by the king arrived.
2In that day the adversaries of the Jews perished: for no one resisted, through fear of them.
3For the chiefs of the satraps, and the princes and the royal scribes, honored the Jews; for the fear of Mordecai lay upon them.
4For the order of the king was in force, that he should be celebrated in all the kingdom.
6And in the city Susa the Jews slew five hundred men:
7both Pharsannestain, and Delphon and Phasga,
8and Pharadatha, and Barea, and Sarbacha,
9and Marmasima, and Aruphaeus, and Arsaeus, and Zabutheus,
10the ten sons of Haman the son of Hammedatha the Bougean, the enemy of the Jews, and they plundered their property on the same day:
11and the number of them that perished in Susa was rendered to the king.
12And the king said to Esther, The Jews have slain five hundred men in the city Susa; and how, thinkest thou, have they used them in the rest of the country? What then dost thou yet ask, that it may be done for thee?
13And Esther said to the king, Let it be granted to the Jews so to treat them tomorrow as to hang the ten sons of Haman.
14And he permitted it to be so done; and he gave up to the Jews of the city the bodies of the sons of Haman to hang.
15And the Jews assembled in Susa on the fourteenth day of Adar, and slew three hundred men, but plundered no property.
16And the rest of the Jews who were in the kingdom assembled, and helped one another, and obtained rest from their enemies: for they destroyed fifteen thousand of them on the thirteenth day of Adar, but took no spoil.
17And they rested on the fourteenth of the same month, and kept it as a day of rest with joy and gladness.
18And the Jews in the city Susa assembled also on the fourteenth day and rested; and they kept also the fifteenth with joy and gladness.
19On this account then it is that the Jews dispersed in every foreign land keep the fourteenth of Adar as a holy day with joy, sending portions each to his neighbor.
20And Mordecai wrote these things in a book, and sent them to the Jews, as many as were in the kingdom of Artaxerxes, both them that were near and them that were afar off,
21to establish these as joyful days, and to keep the fourteenth and fifteenth of Adar;
22for on these days the Jews obtained rest from their enemies: and as to the month, which was Adar, in which a change was made for them, from mourning to joy, and from sorrow to a good day, to spend the whole of it in good days of feasting and gladness, sending portions to their friends, and to the poor.
23And the Jews consented to this accordingly as Mordecai wrote to them,
24showing how Haman the son of Hammedatha the Macedonian fought against them, how he made a decree and cast lots to destroy them utterly;
25also how he went in to the king, telling him to hang Mordecai: but all the calamities he tried to bring upon the Jews came upon himself, and he was hanged, and his children.
26Therefore these days were called Purim, because of the lots (for in their language they are called Pur); because of the words of this letter, and because of all they suffered on this account, and all that happened to them.
27And Mordecai established it, and the Jews took upon themselves, and upon their seed, and upon those that were joined to them to observe it, neither would they on any account behave differently: but these days were to be a memorial kept in every generation, and city, and family, and province.
28And these days of the Purim, said they, shall be kept forever, and their memorial shall not fail in any generation.
29And queen Esther, the daughter of Amminadab, and Mordecai the Jew, wrote all that they had done, and the confirmation of the letter of Purim.
31And Mordecai and Esther the queen appointed a fast for themselves privately, even at that time also having formed their plan against their own health.
32And Esther established it by a command forever, and it was written for a memorial.